The cervical spine (neck region) is one of the most important and agile parts of your body. It begins at the base of the skull and consists of seven bones separated by intervertebral discs that allow the spine to move freely. The neck has the greatest amount of movement of any area of the spine and is also responsible for protecting the spinal cord and supporting the skull. Because of its vital function in our everyday lives, injury or disease of the cervical spine is a very serious condition.
What is Anterior Cervical Disc Herniation? What causes it?
Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion surgery removes an intervertebral disc and/or bone spurs that are putting pressure on nerve roots. This condition is a result of a herniated or degenerated disc and is known as nerve root compression. Nerve root compression can lead to pain in the neck and arms, lack of coordination, and numbness or weakness in the arms.
Who Is an Ideal Candidate for Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Surgery?
Ideal candidates for this surgery are adults in overall good health who are seeking relief from pain, weakness, and instability in the neck, shoulder, arms, or hands from herniated discs or disease. It is important to consider the recovery process with your doctor when determining whether or not to undergo this surgery. If you are someone who suffers from spinal deformities such as scoliosis, osteoporosis, or other health conditions that may make recovery from anterior cervical discectomy and fusion surgery difficult, this treatment would not be beneficial.
How is the Fusion Surgery performed?
As the name describes, this procedure is done through the front, or anterior, of the body. An incision is made in the front of the neck, off to one side, and the disc is removed. Removing the herniated disc relieves the pressure placed on the nerve root and therefore relieves the symptoms as well. It is performed under general anesthesia.
Once the disc is removed it may be replaced with a small bone graft that will allow the vertebrae to fuse together over time. The bone may be obtained from another part of the patient’s own body, a bone bank utilizing donor bone or a synthetic bone graft substitute. Space may also be left open, or a metal plate may be inserted to stabilize the spine while it heals. Another option is inserting an artificial disc into the open disc space to sustain motion.
Are There Any Risks That Come With This Surgery?
Just like all surgeries, anterior cervical discectomy and fusion surgery do come with risks. These can include damage to the carotid or vertebral artery which may cause a stroke or excessive bleeding. However, at Texas Neurosurgery, our highly experienced doctors take great care in prioritizing patient safety and minimizing risks as much as possible during this procedure.
What is the recovery from Fusion Surgery?
After surgery, a hospital stay is not usually required. Complete recovery time may take between four and six weeks. Although complications are rare in discectomy, any surgical procedure carries risks. Possible risks include infection, bleeding, reactions to anesthesia, injury to the spinal cord, pain at the treated site, damage to nerves or arteries, blood clots and paralysis. These risks can be minimized by choosing an experienced surgeon to perform your procedure, and by adhering to your surgeon’s instructions before and after your procedure.
What Are The Benefits of Getting Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Surgery?
Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion is a surgery that can change most patients' lives. While it helps to realign the spine, it can reduce enormous amounts of pain, allowing patients to feel relief and improve their lifestyles. With a high success rate, this procedure is often hugely beneficial and life-changing to patients in search of relief from spinal pain.