Craniotomy Microvascular Decompression Dallas, TX
Craniotomy Microvascular Decompression for Trigeminal Neuralgia
Trigeminal neuralgia, also known as tic douloureux, is a type of nerve disorder. This chronic condition causes severe, shooting pain in the face. Some people with the condition only experience a fleeting, momentary twinge, while others suffer from frequent bouts of extreme pain.
Trigeminal neuralgia can affect one of several areas of the head and face. The trigeminal nerve is responsible for sensation all around the face including the eyes, mouth and sinus cavities. The pain that is produced usually comes on suddenly and can last from a few seconds to a few minutes, but may be physically and mentally incapacitating. Episodes can be triggered by certain activities that cause a vibration or contact with the cheek, such as shaving, brushing your teeth or applying makeup, as well as eating, drinking or talking. As the condition progresses, the episodes of pain may become longer and more frequent.
Causes of Trigeminal Neuralgia
Trigeminal neuralgia is typically brought on by contact between a normal artery or vein and the trigeminal nerve. It may be the result of a blood vessel pressing on the trigeminal nerve as it exits the brain. The condition occurs most often in people over the age of 50 and tends to affect a larger percentage of women than men. Trigeminal neuralgia may be related to multiple sclerosis or other neurological conditions that damage the myelin sheath that protects nerves. Although less common, trigeminal neuralgia may be caused by a tumor on the trigeminal nerve as well.